India | Ancient and Massive Country in Asia

  Physical Features

India is the 7th largest country in the world with a total land area of  3.2 million square kilometers. It is the greatest country in South Asia and the capital city is New Delhi. In fact, India is the second-most populous country in the world after China. This country is considered one of the oldest countries in the world. The geography of India is extremely diverse and filled with different landscapes ranging from White snow-capped Mountains, fertile plain lands, hills, valleys, and plateaus. The major largest cities in India are Mumbai, the capital of New Delhi, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad. 

Map of India

Consisting of 28 States and 9 union territories India is diverse biologically, physically, and socially. India also has a heavily militarized border with Pakistan and sometimes it becomes a war between them for the disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir. India has the world's second-longest road network and 2 top 10 megacities in the world.

 Peoples and Culture

India is much more diverse in culture and ethnicity. The majority of the Indian population is of Indo-Aryan origin. Nearly 80% of the Indian population practices Hinduism whereas 14.2% practices Islam. Some data show, there are more than 3,000 castes and 25,000 sub-castes based on specific religion and occupation. Different states and places have their own culture, traditions, and values. 

Indian Culture


Indian culture is vast like its geography. There are different types of religions, languages, cuisines, and occasions for different groups of people. Indian wedding functions are popular all over the world because of interesting music, dance, and cultural rituals. Some Indian festivals like Holi( Festival of Color) and Diwali (Festival of Light) are really amazing and have ancient cultural values. Indian people are quite respectful about their values and cultural aspects.

 Science and Technology

Well, India is a developing country and one of the fastest progressing nations. Technology in India varies from region to region. Rural areas are mostly remote and less accessible for using modern technology but cities like Mumbai Delhi, Hyderabad and Chennai are quite advanced. Indian City Bangalore is also known as the Silicon Valley of Asia because it is one of the major IT hubs in the world. 

The development of infrastructure in India is quite complex because some cities are highly advanced and modern whereas rural Villages are still backward in development activities.

Economy

The economy of India is a middle-income developing market economy that is the 7th largest economy in the world by nominal GDP. After Independence from Great Britain in 1947, the economy has improved rapidly. But the major problem is the unequal distribution of wealth. Homelessness is also higher in the majority of places. The economy of India is mostly built up of service, agriculture, industries, and the IT sector. It is projected that India will have the world's second-largest economy by 2050.

Indian economy


Global Impact

India has a high influence over the globe in various sectors. It is the world's largest market economy and contributes very high to the IT and production sector. India is one of the largest producers and industrialized countries. Some famous people from India are the current CEO of Google (Sundar Pichai), CEO of Microsoft (Satya Nadella), Mahatma Gandhi, and APJ Abdul Kalam. India is also a large exporter of pharmaceuticals, generic drugs, vaccines, automobiles, and coal all over the world.

Sites and Tourism

Tourism is also an important part of the Indian economy which is nearly 10% of India's GDP. The most popular sites in India are the Taj Mahal, Charminar, Ajanta Buddhist art caves, Golconda Fort, Ellora Monolithic Ruins, Mandu Fort, Golden Temple, Hampi Ruins, Rajasthan Hill forts, Bhangarh Fort, and Great Wall of India. Literally, they have a great wall of India too like China.

Taj Mahal India


Goa City is famous for its beach and oceanic view whereas the Holy city of Varanasi is popular for Hindu people around the world.

Biological Aspects

There are 90 national parks, 501 animal sanctuaries across the country with a vast variety of animals like peacock Ganges river dolphin, King Cobra, Indian elephant and the highest population of Bengal tiger in the world which are all highly protected. India has the highest amount of fertile land and it is the largest producer of millet, banana, lemon, ginger, milk, butter, jute, and 75% of the world's spices alone. 

Bengal tiger in India


Food

The majority of the people in India eat rice and Roti(flatten bread). Idli and dosa are popular in South India. Samosa, Tikka masala, Tanduri, palak paneer are also famous cuisines in India. Talking about street foods, you can find hundreds of street food vendors in India. Chatpate, Golgappa, Biryani, Kulcha are the most common street foods here.

Indian Foods

History

The history of India begins with Indus Valley Civilization which was assumed to be established in 2500 BC. Rule of the Gupta Dynasty has been defined as the golden age of Indian history because India started conquering many neighboring states and reformed economically during that period. In 1858 AD Britain captured India and took control over political, economical, and social factors. After many years of struggle, India became independent in 1947. The major role for Indian Independence was played by Mahatma Gandhi. The interesting fact is, Pakistan India Bangladesh were the same country in the past. While Britishers were living in India, they separated Bangladesh and Pakistan from India for Muslim people.


Indian History


 Friend Zone and Belonging

No Surprise, India is huge and there are good diplomatic relations with other countries except closest neighbor Pakistan. Indian people are mostly living in Mauritius, Fiji, Malaysia, and Canada.

 The UK was the former colonizer of India, the relation between these countries are very good nowadays. India is still a part of the Commonwealth members. On the other hand, the relationship with China is not that good because of border disputes, but trade relations are considered rational. We can say, best friend countries of India are Russia, Nepal, Bhutan, UAE, USA, and Korea.

Problems

Each and every country in the world is suffering from some problems. India also has some problems like unequal wealth distribution, corruption, crimes, religious conflicts, high suicide, and depleting resources. India is also considered a highly polluted country in the world. Major cities like Delhi Mumbai and Chennai is much more polluted and has a very low air quality index. Rather than high pollution, there are other big problems of unmanaged urbanization and decreasing forests. 

Some rural areas in India are so backward as compared to major cities, basic facilities and infrastructure are lacking. However, India is improving infrastructure and sanitation in each and every part of the country.

Poverty in india


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